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Licenses to Ill: Health Passes and Surveillance - Origins OSU

Details: Health passes will aid in constructing a “new normal” that nonetheless retains echoes of the past. In the decades following the Black Death in the mid-1300s, city-states such as Milan and Venice put in place systems to diagnose and isolate plague victims as well as monitor contacts. Physicians later issued “health passes” attesting that

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America's Long-Suffering Mental Health System | Origins

Details: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that one in five Americans has experienced issues with mental health; and one in ten youth have suffered a major bought of depression. A vigil for increasing mental health care at Cook County Jail in 2014 (photo credit: Sarah-Ji).

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Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Cholera & Public Health - Origins OSU

Details: By its very nature, public health is a meeting point of all these different fields. And we can trace the institutionalization of public health to the European response to the series of cholera pandemics in the 19 th century. Alongside Koch’s discovery of the Vibrio cholerae bacteria and the gradual,

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America's Long-Suffering Mental Health System | Origins

Details: The Community Mental Health Act was the brainchild of just a few psychiatrists: Robert Felix, Stanley Yolles, and Bertram Brown. They categorically opposed any significant role for state hospitals in the future, and largely bypassed the directors of state mental health programs.

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Health, Technology and Science: Today & Yesterday

Details: Health, Technology and Science: Today & Yesterday. This book—part of the Yesterday & Today series from Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective — explores the role of food, disease, science, and technology in the human past and present. With the human population currently soaring past 7 billion, the question of how to feed, manage

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Pandemics: Today and Yesterday - Origins OSU

Details: Such public health strategies are complex, and do not come without costs. Many fear the economic consequences of prolonged “stay at home” orders during the COVID-19 pandemic, and rightly so. Citizens of Tournai, in the present-day Netherlands, bury plague victims, 1353. Plague pits, like these, led to several public health reforms in cities.

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Pandemics: Past, Present, and Future | Origins: Current

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Pandemics in Ottoman History - Origins OSU

Details: The Ottomans would rely on the public health infrastructure that they developed over the course of the nineteenth century to face a new public health crisis that emerged at the tail end of their involvement in World War I: the Influenza Pandemic of 1918. The Turkish Red Crescent First-Aid Unit during World War I.

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Toxic Treatment: Fluoride's Transformation from Industrial

Details: The practice of adding fluoride compounds (mostly FSA and occasionally sodium fluoride) to drinking water is known as community water fluoridation. It has been a mainstay of American public health policy since 1950 and continues to enjoy the support of government health agencies, dentists, and numerous others in the medical and scientific

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Should Age Matter? How 65 Came to Be Old and Old Came to

Details: Advances in public health had transformed life expectancy in America: from 1860 to 1930 the percentage of the American population over 65 had more than doubled. In ten years, from 1930 to 1940, there would be an additional 36.5 percent increase in this group, at a time when the entire population increased by only 7.2 percent.

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History Milestone: the 1918 Flu Pandemic - Origins OSU

Details: Meanwhile, civilian public health programs remained conflicted about how to respond to the pandemic. A flu victim in St. Louis. Arthur Newsholme, head of the British Local Government Board, the government organization responsible for the oversight of domestic public health campaigns, told Britons to simply “carry on.”

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What HIV Teaches Us: The Need for Affordable Health Care

Details: The association was drawn by national public health data, by activists from the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power, or ACT-UP, an LGBTQ organization that advocates for the rights of those with HIV (see Figure 4), and by cultural productions, such as Tony Kushner’s Angels in America, which won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama (see Figure 5).

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Government Fingers in the Health Care Jar? | Origins

Details: Of the country’s entire investment in health care, around 33 percent was financed through private health insurance in 2010, more than doubling the average of 15 percent in the rest of the world. Field points out that this “private” health insurance system is only made possible by various government policies of the twentieth century.

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Black Canadians and Pandemics - Origins OSU

Details: Members of Whitney Pier community would have complained to Francis about how the exposure to toxic pollutants impacted the health of the community. They would point to a disproportionate case of lung diseases, tuberculosis, pneumonia and pleurisy. The No. 3 Colliery at the Dominion Coal Company, 1903.

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Toxic Treatment: Fluoride's Transformation from Industrial

Details: However, the continued insistence among public health authorities and dentists that community water fluoridation remains essential to good dental health is incommensurate with evidence for its effectiveness, as well as downplaying the harm of fluorosis and other problems.

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Playing Politics with Our Children's Health | Origins

Details: Nutrition, health, and education all became subsumed into a model of consumer choice and market share." (p. 152). At this juncture, Levine's story sounds very much like the report on NBC Nightly News. The federal government and public schools remain committed to school lunch programs, but food prices are rising quickly. Cafeteria budgets are

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Evolution of the Treatment of Mental Illness | Origins

Details: The Origins article that I chose to use was an article the discussed the mental health system in the United States. The article focused on attitudes towards mental illness, the policies that have been enacted to deal with the treatment of mental illness, and how these things have changed throughout history.

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People Were Skeptical about Veterans’ Hospitals, Too: The

Details: Preparing for the Health Fallout of War. In the months surrounding the United States’ declaration of war in April 1917, the social reformers, doctors, and legislators who conceptualized medical and rehabilitation plans for service members were guided by a Progressive-Era faith in the potential of government and professional medicine to buffer

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Mental Health and American Society | Origins: Current

Details: Recent mass shootings have turned American attention to the nation’s mental health system, its perceived failings, and it's potential to stem the tide of mass violence. However, Americans have a long history of pointing to mental illness as a panacea for solving social problems and an equally lengthy history of criticizing the treatment of

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The UN, the WHO, and the Future of U.S. Diplomacy

Details: Health infrastructures improved substantially, if unevenly. Mortality rates for children under 5, for example, dropped by nearly 75 percent from the 1950s to 1980s in parts of Asia and Eastern Europe. These improvements supported the broader goals of the liberal international order. The combination of aid and investment never reached the 1

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Rash Decisions: Anti-vaccination Movements in Historical

Details: As a highly contagious virus with no direct treatment and a case-fatality rate as high as 28%, measles unfortunately remains a major public health concern, especially in schools (given its resurgence since 2000). In this 1963 poster, “Wellbee,” the CDC’s national symbol of public health, encouraged the public to get an oral polio vaccination.

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April 2016: Eating at You: Food and Chernobyl | Origins

Details: The Ministry of Health sent out orders to food processing factories and farmers markets to measure 100% of all food before sale. Produce was to be transported in hermetically sealed trucks and could not be sold in open-air markets. Every dairy and every market was to have a “radiological lab.”

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North America | Origins: Current Events in Historical

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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History Top Ten: Vaccinations - Origins OSU

Details: According to the World Health Organization, the measles vaccine saves around one million lives annually. Along with clean water supplies, improved nutrition and extensive public health and medical infrastructure, vaccination has been responsible for dramatic declines in deaths from certain infectious diseases.

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From Commonplace to Controversial: The Different Histories

Details: As members of national health insurance plans, most Western European women enjoy access to elective abortion services—also called abortion on demand. While there are significant regional differences in abortion policies and political discourse, abortion is rarely a point of contention during elections.

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A Postcard from Chernobyl - Origins OSU

Details: Others scientists urge caution, and point to long-term health effects on the wild life as a result of the radioactivity. Visitors to the World’s Worst Nuclear Accident. We were permitted to visit the exclusion zone on an official tour. We were stopped at check points at the entries to the 30 km outer and 10 km inner zones and checked for

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Will the Opportunity Pass Again? U.S. Health Care Reform

Details: President committed to health care reform in 1992, the issue leapt to prominence on the national scene. The proposed Clin ton Health Security Act is the most extensive governmental program since the passage of Social Security in the 1930s, and, though critiqued for its methods, it has been lauded for its goals.

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America's Long-Suffering Mental Health System

Details: The bill called for 2,000 CMHCs to be built by 1980, with the goal of rendering most state hospitals obsolete. Signing the Community Mental Health Act was one of Kennedy’s last acts; he was assassinated a few days later. The Community Mental Health Act was the brainchild of just a few psychiatrists: Robert Felix, Stanley Yolles, and Bertram

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From Commonplace to Controversial: The Different Histories

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Tuberculosis and the Optimism of Biomedicine

Details: The flag of the World Health Organization, founded in 1948, flies over the WHO headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Key to this sustained attack were a series of medical breakthroughs. Antibiotics, effective vaccines, and insecticides like DDT were among the most important. But without the will and commitment on the part of governments, health

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Corona in Context: Lessons from the SARS Pandemic

Details: The shock of a new disease spreading into a global pandemic had a different impact on public health officials: it inspired rapid global cooperation in medical research and coordination of public health efforts. Dr. Carlo Urbani, a 46-year-old Italian doctor who was among the first to treat SARS patients at the French Hospital of Hanoi and who

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Canada’s Dark Side - Origins OSU

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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People Were Skeptical about Veterans’ Hospitals, Too: The

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Feast and Famine: The Global Food Crisis | Origins

Details: By the early twentieth century, commentators were connecting Banting's recommendations about the individual to more collective concerns about the effect of modern life on health and the body. In 1901, the economist J.A. Hobson suggested that British "command over commodities," particularly "carboniferous foods" was producing excess consumption.

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Can Reparations Heal the Wounds of Slavery? | Origins

Details: for housing subsidies, health care and education opportunities might be formulated in the language of reparation and apology and thus ease the contentiousness associated with affirmative action. Perhaps more important, the reckoning and the possible partial reparation could facilitate a healing process between the races, which can

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Fifty Years After “Silent Spring,” Let’s Not Roll Back

Details: Carson’s painstaking research on the presence of DDT throughout the food chain and the health risks it posed to humans as well as wildlife was impossible to refute. Shortly before her death from breast cancer in 1964 at age 56, Carson suggested to the Senate Committee on Commerce that a commission be established to deal with pesticide issues.

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From Commonplace to Controversial: The Different Histories

Details: In 1967, Britain significantly expanded the conditions for legal abortion. The Abortion Act stated that abortions were legal as long as two medical professionals agreed that pregnancy endangered the life, mental or physical health of the woman or her children, and in cases of fetal deformity and handicap.

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Ducking Out on Retiree Benefits | Origins: Current Events

Details: In 1950, General Motors took on health and pension obligations in an unprecedented 5-year contract known as the Treaty of Detroit. By extending promises for old-age security to employees, America’s largest companies headed off political solutions such as national health insurance and more progressive public pensions.

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Cops and Robbers? The Roots of Anti-Doping Policies in

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Hot off the Press | Origins: Current Events in Historical

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Treating the Symptoms: Northern Ireland’s Incomplete Peace

Details: According a survey conducted in 2004, 84% of respondents indicated that they would not enter an area dominated by the other political community at night; 48% said that they would not enter such an area during the day, and a smaller percentage even indicated that they would forgo health care for themselves or younger members of their families rather than make use of health facilities in an area

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Quarantino: Plague and the Origins of Social Distancing

Details: By: Sarah K. Douglas As COVID-19 has infected more than 90 million people in the first 13 months of the outbreak alone, governments around the world have urged social distancing measures as one way to contain the spread of the virus.. Though some have rejected the six-foot rule, along with mask-wearing and avoiding large social gatherings, these measures have a long history.

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People Were Skeptical about Veterans’ Hospitals, Too: The

Details: In the late 1970s, VA doctors pioneered an electronic health record system that continues to serve as a model for private sector institutions. In 1989, the VA became the Department of Veterans Affairs, as it gained cabinet status and the administration of health services was placed under a reorganized branch—the Veterans Health Administration.

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"Vaccine Nation: America’s Changing Relationship with

Details: Pushing vaccination as a way to keep health care costs low was a less-expensive way to tackle the larger problem. Carter’s initiative was the high-water mark of public confidence in vaccination, and by 1980 96% of children were being immunized against measles, mumps, rubella, pertussis, and other diseases.

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Reforming a Welfare State | Origins: Current Events in

Details: A social security style system of “national health insurance,” proposed by President Truman in 1948, was denounced by the American Medical Association as “creeping socialism” and defeated by the conservative coalition in Congress, and a crazy quilt system of insurance company-administered health insurance based on type of employment and

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Article Images | Origins: Current Events in Historical

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Downsizing Becomes Normal | Origins: Current Events in

Details: Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective; In each issue of Origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, Origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay.

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Dry Days Down Under: Australia and the World Water Crisis

Details: A sign illustrating Level 5 Water Restrictions in Goulburn, New South Wales, 2006, during the worst of Australia's decade-long drought. Australia's unique rainfall patterns and long history of human transformation of water combined to produce the "Big Dry," and Australians continue to struggle over how to respond to the challenge that repeated drought poses to their future.

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