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The paradox of health - PubMed

Details: Although the collective health of the nation has improved dramatically in the past 30 years, surveys reveal declining satisfaction with personal health during the same period. Increasingly, respondents report greater numbers of disturbing somatic symptoms, more disability, and more feelings of gener …

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Collaboration in Health Care - PubMed

Details: Health care involves the participation of patients, family, and a diverse team of often highly specialized health care professionals. Involvement of all these team members in a cooperative and coordinated way is essential to providing exceptional care. This article introduces key concepts relating t …

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Quality of

Details: The terms health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and quality of life (QoL) are used interchangeably. Given that these are three key terms in the literature, their appropriate and clear use is important. This paper reviews the history and definitions of the terms and considers how they have …

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Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent

Details: Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us. Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us N Engl J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):586-593. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb1706645. Epub 2017 Jun 21. Authors Benjamin D Sommers

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Contribution of primary care to health systems and health

Details: Evidence of the health-promoting influence of primary care has been accumulating ever since researchers have been able to distinguish primary care from other aspects of the health services delivery system. This evidence shows that primary care helps prevent illness and death, regardless of whether t …

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Transforming healthcare: a safety imperative

Details: 1 Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. [email protected]; PMID: 19955451 DOI: 10.1136/qshc.2009.036954 Abstract Ten years ago, the Institute of Medicine reported alarming data on the scope and impact of medical errors in the US and called for national efforts to address this problem.

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The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health

Details: The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system.At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force.

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Impact of intermittent fasting on health and disease

Details: The cellular and molecular mechanisms by which IF improves health and counteracts disease processes involve activation of adaptive cellular stress response signaling pathways that enhance mitochondrial health, DNA repair and autophagy. PF also promotes stem cell-based regeneration as well as long-lasting metabolic effects.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27810402/ Go Now

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N95 Respirators vs Medical Masks for Preventing Influenza

Details: Importance: Clinical studies have been inconclusive about the effectiveness of N95 respirators and medical masks in preventing health care personnel (HCP) from acquiring workplace viral respiratory infections. Objective: To compare the effect of N95 respirators vs medical masks for prevention of influenza and other viral respiratory infections among HCP.

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31479137/ Go Now

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Health, Absence, Disability, and Presenteeism Cost

Details: Evidence about the total cost of health, absence, short-term disability, and productivity losses was synthesized for 10 health conditions. Cost estimates from a large medical/absence database were combined with findings from several published productivity surveys. Ranges of condition prevalence and …

› Verified 4 months ago

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Religion, spirituality, and health: the research and

Details: This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. It is based on a systematic review of original data-based quantitative research published in peer-reviewed journals between 1872 and 2010, including a few sem …

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Meta-Analyses of the Effects of Habitual Running on

Details: Affiliations 1 Department of Public and Occupational Health and the EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. [email protected]; 2 Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Durban University of Technology, PO Box 1334, Durban, 4001, South Africa. [email protected]

› Verified 3 months ago

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Defining health and health inequalities

Details: Objectives: To examine existing definitions of health and health inequalities and to synthesise the most useful of these using explicit rationale and the most parsimonious text. Study design: Literature review and synthesis. Methods: Existing definitions of health and health inequalities were identified, and their normative properties were extracted and then critically appraised.

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Fiber and prebiotics: mechanisms and health benefits

Details: The health benefits of dietary fiber have long been appreciated. Higher intakes of dietary fiber are linked to less cardiovascular disease and fiber plays a role in gut health, with many effective laxatives actually isolated fiber sources. Higher intakes of fiber are linked to lower body weights. On …

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Milk and Health - PubMed

Details: Milk and Health. Milk and Health. Milk and Health N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 13;382(7):644-654. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1903547. Authors Walter C Willett 1 , David S Ludwig 1 Affiliation 1 From the Departments of Nutrition (W.C.W., D

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Health Literacy and Health Information Technology Adoption

Details: Interestingly, health literacy score was positively associated with trust in health care (P=.03). Conclusions: Patients with low health literacy were less likely to use HIT tools or perceive them as easy or useful, but they perceived information on HIT as private. Given the fast-paced evolution of technology, there is a pressing need to further

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Symptom Duration and Risk Factors for Delayed Return to

Details: Prolonged symptom duration and disability are common in adults hospitalized with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Characterizing return to baseline health among outpatients with milder COVID-19 illness is important for understanding the full spectrum of COVID-19-associated illness and tailoring public health messaging, interventions, and policy.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32730238/ Go Now

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Cow's Milk Consumption and Health: A Health Professional's

Details: The most recent scientific evidence supports the consumption of cow's milk and dairy products as part of a balanced diet. However, these days, the public and practicing physicans are exposed to a stream of inconsistent (and often misleading) information regarding the relationship between cow's milk intake and health in the lay press and in the media.

› Verified 9 days ago

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Adolescents' health literacy, health protective measures

Details: Purpose: First, to describe adolescents' health information sources and knowledge, health literacy (HL), health protective measures, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) during the initial phase of the Covid-19 pandemic in Norway. Second, to investigate the association between HL and the knowledge and behavior relevant for preventing spread of the virus.

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What Is Population Health?

Details: Population health includes health outcomes, patterns of health determinants, and policies and interventions that link these two. Attention to social and environmental, as well as medical, determinants of health is essential. The population health lens can be used at the individual, practice, institutional, and community levels.

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Cohort profile: The Stockholm Public Health Cohort

Details: The Stockholm Public Health Cohort was set up within the Stockholm County Council public health surveys to inform on determinants and consequences of significant contributors to the current burden of disease. Participants are 89 268 randomly selected individuals from the adult population of Stockhol …

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Health Literacy and Cardiovascular Disease: Fundamental

Details: Health literacy is the degree to which individuals are able to access and process basic health information and services and thereby participate in health-related decisions. Limited health literacy is highly prevalent in the United States and is strongly associated with patient morbidity, mortality, healthcare use, and costs.

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What is e-health?

Details: J Med Internet Res. Apr-Jun 2001;3(2):E20. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3.2.e20.

› Verified 28 days ago

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Health Literacy: Implications for Child Health

Details: Health literacy is an important issue to consider in the provision of health-care to children. Similar to the adult population, most parents face health literacy challenges. Of particular concern, 1 in 4 parents have low health literacy, greatly affecting their ability to use health information to m …

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The health impact of the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak

Details: The health system was severely compromised due to overwhelming demand, healthcare workers deaths, resource diversion and closure of health facilities. Fear of Ebola and healthcare workers led to a breakdown in trust in health systems. Access to healthcare was compromised.

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Evaluating the Quality of Health Information in a Changing

Details: Background: Critical evaluation of online health information has always been central to consumer health informatics. However, with the emergence of new Web media platforms and the ubiquity of social media, the issue has taken on a new dimension and urgency.

› Verified 22 days ago

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Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of

Details: Data are presented on the lifetime prevalence, projected lifetime risk, and age-of-onset distributions of mental disorders in the World Health Organization (WHO)'s World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. Face-to-face community surveys were conducted in seventeen countries in Africa, Asia, the Americas, E …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18188442/ Go Now

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Quality criteria were proposed for measurement properties

Details: Objectives: Recently, an increasing number of systematic reviews have been published in which the measurement properties of health status questionnaires are compared. For a meaningful comparison, quality criteria for measurement properties are needed. Our aim was to develop quality criteria for design, methods, and outcomes of studies on the development and evaluation of health status

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Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical

Details: Purpose of review: This review highlights recent work evaluating the relationship between exercise, physical activity and physical and mental health. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, as well as randomized clinical trials, are included. Special attention is given to physical conditions, including obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease and sexual dysfunction.

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The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender

Details: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience unique health disparities. Although the acronym LGBT is used as an umbrella term, and the health needs of this community are often grouped together, each of these letters represents a distinct population with its own health concer …

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Fostering implementation of health services research

Details: Health services researchers recognize the need to evaluate not only summative outcomes but also formative outcomes to assess the extent to which implementation is effective in a specific setting, prolongs sustainability, and promotes dissemination into other settings. Many implementation theories have been published to help promote effective

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Exercise and mental health

Details: 4 Centre for Chronic Disease, College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: [email protected] PMID: 29150166 DOI: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.09.003 Abstract There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the positive effects of exercise on mood states such as anxiety, stress

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Health interventions for people who are homeless

Details: Homelessness has serious implications for the health of individuals and populations. Primary health-care programmes specifically tailored to homeless individuals might be more effective than standard primary health care. Standard case management, assertive community treatment, and critical time inte …

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Mental health-related stigma in health care and mental

Details: Affiliations 1 Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Springfield Hospital, South West London and St George's NHS Mental Health Trust, London, UK.; 3 Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and

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Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the

Details: Second in a series of publications from the Institute of Medicine's Quality of Health Care in America project Today's health care providers have more research findings and more technology available to them than ever before. Yet recent reports have raised serious doubts about the quality of health care in America.

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Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful

Details: This review aims to summarize the latest developments with regard to physical fitness and several health outcomes in young people. The literature reviewed suggests that (1) cardiorespiratory fitness levels are associated with total and abdominal adiposity; (2) both cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness are shown to be associated with established and emerging cardiovascular disease risk

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Race, socioeconomic status, and health. The added effects

Details: Racism is an added burden for nondominant populations. Individual and institutional discrimination, along with the stigma of inferiority, can adversely affect health by restricting socioeconomic opportunities and mobility. Racism can also directly affect health in multiple ways.

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Police Brutality and Black Health: Setting the Agenda for

Details: Public health scholars should champion efforts to implement surveillance of police brutality and press funders to support research to understand the experiences of people faced with police brutality. We must ask whether our own research, teaching, and service are intentionally antiracist and challenge the institutions we work in to ask the same.

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Coffee, Caffeine, and Health

Details: Coffee, Caffeine, and Health N Engl J Med. 2020 Jul 23;383(4):369-378. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1816604. Authors Rob M van Dam 1 , Frank B Hu 1 , Walter C Willett 1 Affiliation 1 From the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health and Yong Loo

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Intermittent metabolic switching, neuroplasticity and

Details: Intermittent metabolic switching, neuroplasticity and brain health Nat Rev Neurosci. 2018 Feb;19(2):63-80. doi: 10.1038/nrn.2017.156. Epub 2018 Jan 11. Authors Mark P Mattson 1 2 , Keelin Moehl 1 , Nathaniel Ghena 1 , Maggie Schmaedick 1 , Aiwu Cheng 1 Affiliations 1 Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging

› Verified 12 days ago

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Health Information Technology Continues to Show Positive

Details: Background: Health information technology (HIT) has been introduced into the health care industry since the 1960s when mainframes assisted with financial transactions, but questions remained about HIT's contribution to medical outcomes. Several systematic reviews since the 1990s have focused on this relationship. This review updates the literature.

› Verified 8 days ago

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The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The

Details: The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agenda—outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issues—that summarizes

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Health and medical care in Ethiopia - PubMed

Details: Health care is often dispensed legally or illegally by pharmacists. Overall, there is 1 physician for 57,876 people, but in the southwest and west central Ethiopia 1 physician serves between 200,000 and 300,000 people. In rural areas, where 90% of the population lives, 85% live at least 3 days by foot from a rural health unit.

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Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion

Details: Health Literacy: Prescription to End Confusion examines the body of knowledge that applies to the field of health literacy, and recommends actions to promote a health literate society. By examining the extent of limited health literacy and the ways to improve it, we can improve the health of individuals and populations.

› Verified 15 days ago

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Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among

Details: Importance: Health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could be psychologically stressed. Objective: To assess the magnitude of mental health outcomes and associated factors among health care workers treating patients exposed to COVID-19 in China. Design, settings, and participants: This cross-sectional, survey-based, region-stratified study collected demographic data

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Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents and youth after

Details: Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents and youth after health-related disasters Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2013 Feb;7(1):105-10. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2013.22. Authors Ginny Sprang, Miriam Silman. PMID: 24618142 DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2013.22 Abstract Objectives

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Dietary protein - its role in satiety, energetics, weight

Details: Obesity is a serious health problem because of its co-morbidities. The solution, implying weight loss and long-term weight maintenance, is conditional on: (i) sustained satiety despite negative energy balance, (ii) sustained basal energy expenditure despite BW loss due to (iii) a sparing of fat-free mass (FFM), being the main determinant of basal energy expenditure.

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Stress-induced immune dysfunction: implications for health

Details: Folk wisdom has long suggested that stressful events take a toll on health. The field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is now providing key mechanistic evidence about the ways in which stressors--and the negative emotions that they generate--can be translated into physiological changes. PNI researcher …

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