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Nature and Children's Health: A Systematic Review

Details: The strongest evidence for the beneficial health effects of nature was for physical activity (n = 108, 32%) and cognitive, behavioral, or mental health (n = 85, 25%). Physical activity was objectively measured in 55% of studies, and 41% of the cognitive, behavioral, or mental health

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A systematic review of health status, health seeking

Details: Introduction: It is well-established that low socioeconomic status (SES) influences one's health status, morbidity and mortality. Housing type has been used as an indicator of SES and social determinant of health in some studies. In Singapore, home ownership is among the highest in the world.

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Global health governance as shared health governance

Details: Background: With the exception of key 'proven successes' in global health, the current regime of global health governance can be understood as transnational and national actors pursuing their own interests under a rational actor model of international cooperation, which fails to provide sufficient justification for an obligation to assist in meeting the health needs of others.

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Models of health and disease

Details: This paper describes and analyses six models of health and disease. These are: religious, biomedical, psychosomatic, humanistic, existential and transpersonal. Of these six models, only one was unequivocally reductionist: the biomedical. The others were all holistic. The religious, humanistic and tr …

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What Is Population Health

Details: Population health includes health outcomes, patterns of health determinants, and policies and interventions that link these two. Attention to social and environmental, as well as medical, determinants of health is essential. The population health lens can be used at the individual, practice, institutional, and community levels.

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SARS-CoV-2 and Stroke in a New York Healthcare System

Details: Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with ischemic stroke who were hospitalized between March 15, 2020, and April 19, 2020, within a major health system in New York, the current global epicenter of the pandemic. We compared the clinical characteristics of stroke patients with a concurrent diagnosis of COVID

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Thrombosis in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 in a New

Details: Thrombosis in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 in a New York City Health System. JAMA. 2020 Aug 25;324 (8):799-801. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.13372.

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Neighborhoods and obesity in New York City

Details: Health Place. 2010 May;16(3):489-99. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.12.007. Epub 2010 Jan 7. Authors Jennifer L Black 1 , James Macinko, L Beth Dixon, George E Fryer Jr. Affiliation 1 …

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Autophagy and microbial pathogenesis

Details: Autophagy is a cell biological process that promotes resilience in the face of environmental perturbations. Given that infectious agents represent a major type of environmental threat, it follows that the autophagy pathway is central to the outcome of host-microbe interactions. Detailed molecular st …

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Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking technology

Details: Affiliations. 1 Research Affiliate, School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, United States. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Toxicology and Health Effects of Electromagnetism, McGill University, Canada. 3 Molecular Pharmacology, Einstein Center of Toxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, United States.

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Health economics in public health

Details: Background: Economic analysis is an important tool in deciding how to allocate scarce public health resources; however, there is currently a dearth of such analysis by public health researchers. Methods: Public health researchers and practitioners were surveyed to determine their current use of health economics and to identify barriers to use as well as potential strategies to decrease those

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The health equity measurement framework: a comprehensive

Details: Background: Despite the wealth of frameworks on social determinants of health (SDOH), two current limitations include the relative superficial description of factors affecting health and a lack of focus on measuring health equity. The Health Equity Measurement Framework (HEMF) addresses these gaps by providing a more encompassing view of the multitude of SDOH and drivers of health service

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Health management information system: a tool to gauge

Details: The health management information system (HMIS) is an instrument which could be used to improve patient satisfaction with health services by tracking certain dimensions of service quality. Quality can be checked by comparing perceptions of services delivered with the expected standards. The objectiv …

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Challenges of Global Public Health Emergencies

Details: Modern day health care providers have traditionally only focused on meeting the response phase requirements of disasters. The emergence of complex global public health crises such as climate change and extremes, biodiversity loss, emergencies of scarcity, rapid unsustainable urbanization, migrant and refugee surges, domestic and international terrorism, cyber-security, the civilianization of

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Health Benefits of Air Pollution Reduction

Details: Air pollution is a grave risk to human health that affects nearly everyone in the world and nearly every organ in the body. Fortunately, it is largely a preventable risk. Reducing pollution at its source can have a rapid and substantial impact on health. Within a few weeks, respiratory and irritatio …

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Wearable Health Devices in Health Care: Narrative

Details: In addition to daily health and safety monitoring, the focus of our work was mainly on the use of wearable devices in clinical practice. Methods: We conducted a narrative review of the use of wearable devices in health care settings by searching papers in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library published since October 2015. Potentially

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A Public Health Strategy for the Opioid Crisis

Details: Affiliations 1 1 Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.; 2 2 School of Law and the Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.; 3 3 School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.; 4 4 Department of Preventive Medicine and the Institute for Prevention Research

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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Understanding and Responding to Health Literacy as a

Details: Health literacy is a midstream determinant of health but not a panacea for addressing health inequities created by the maldistribution of opportunity and resources. It is possible to optimize the contribution health literacy makes in mediating the causes and effects of established social determinants of health.

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Patient education and health literacy

Details: Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course.

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Health literacy and the social determinants of health: a

Details: Health literacy, ‘the personal characteristics and social resources needed for individuals and communities to access, understand, appraise and use information and services to make decisions about health’, is key to improving peoples’ control over modifiable social determinants of health (SDH).

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Health assets: a concept analysis

Details: Health assets mobilize an individual to engage in deliberation, decision making, and change. Consequences of health assets are positive health behaviors that can lead to mastery, self-actualization, and improved health outcomes. We propose both a definition of health assets and a descriptive model of its components and relationships.

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Health care coverage for children who are on and off

Details: Access to adequate health insurance is a key concern of families with children at all income levels. Since 1965, mothers and children on welfare have had health care coverage through the Medicaid program, which has provided a health care safety net for welfare recipients. Although most Americans are …

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Prevalence of Health Misinformation on Social Media

Details: The prevalence of health misinformation was the highest on Twitter and on issues related to smoking products and drugs. However, misinformation on major public health issues, such as vaccines and diseases, was also high. Our study offers a comprehensive characterization of the dominant health

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Health-promoting interventions for persons aged 80 and

Details: Health-promoting interventions made when older adults are at risk of becoming frail can delay deterioration in self-rated health and ADLs in the short term. A multiprofessional group intervention such as the senior meetings described seems to have a greater effect on delaying deterioration in ADLs t …

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A Three-Tiered Model for Addressing the Mental Health

Details: To date, little research has systematically considered the ways in which schools can better address the needs of immigrant-origin youth (IOY). Further, considering the increased negative attitudes toward and policies targeting IOY and families within the U.S., there is a need to go beyond targeting just IOY at risk for mental health concerns and promote a culture of inclusion throughout the

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Health benefits of Moringa oleifera

Details: Phytomedicines are believed to have benefits over conventional drugs and are regaining interest in current research. Moringa oleifera is a multi-purpose herbal plant used as human food and an alternative for medicinal purposes worldwide. It has been identified by researchers as a plant with numerous …

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The impact of electronic health records on ambulatory

Details: Background: Broad adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) is a potential strategy for curbing healthcare cost growth, which is particularly vital for Medicaid. Despite limited evidence for EHR-related cost savings, the 2009 HITECH Act included incentives …

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Social and Structural Determinants of Health Inequities in

Details: Since the World Health Organization launched its commission on the social determinants of health (SDOH) over a decade ago, a large body of research has proven that social determinants-defined as the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age-are significant drivers of disease risk and susceptibility within clinical care and public health systems.

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Indoor temperature and health: a global systematic review

Details: Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify and appraise evidence on the direct and indirect impacts of high indoor temperatures on health; the indoor temperature threshold at which the identified health impacts are observed; and to summarise the evidence for establishing a maximum indoor temperature threshold for health. Study design: This is a systematic literature review and

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Health promotion and health education: advancing the

Details: Background: Health education and health promotion activities are a fundamental requirement for all health professionals. These two paradigms are closely related but are not inter-dependent. Despite this, it is known that many nurses confuse the terms and use them interchangeably.

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The triple aim: care, health, and cost

Details: Improving the U.S. health care system requires simultaneous pursuit of three aims: improving the experience of care, improving the health of populations, and reducing per capita costs of health care. Preconditions for this include the enrollment of an identified population, a commitment to universal …

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Health Literacy and Women's Reproductive Health: A

Details: Health literacy plays an important role in reproductive knowledge and may impact behaviors and outcomes. While further research is necessary, healthcare providers should utilize health literacy best practices now to promote high-quality care for patients.

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Health, Education and Employment Outcomes in Young

Details: Objectives: Since 2000, approximately 500,000 refugees have settled in the Nordic countries, about a third of them being children and young people. To identify general trends, and to detect gaps in the existing knowledge about the socioeconomic and health status of these young refugees, this review discusses the literature regarding three key areas related to welfare policy: health, education

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Flavonoids in food and their health benefits

Details: Nevertheless, research on the health aspects of flavonoids for humans is expanding rapidly. Many flavonoids are shown to have antioxidative activity, free-radical scavenging capacity, coronary heart disease prevention, and anticancer activity, while some flavonoids exhibit potential for anti-human immunodeficiency virus functions.

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Evidence-based decision making in public health

Details: A stronger focus on evidence-based decision making in day-to-day public health practice is needed. This article describes the rationale for this need, including (1) the inter-relationships between evidence-based medicine and evidence-based public health (EBPH); (2) commonly used analytic tools and p …

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Health-care users, key community informants and primary

Details: Generally, participants showed a holistic and positive concept of health and a more traditional, individual approach to health promotion. We consider therefore crucial to depart from the model of health services that focuses on the individual and the disease toward a socio-ecological health model th …

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Carotenoids in human nutrition and health

Details: Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments found in most fruits and vegetables, plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids and must ingest them in food or via supplementation. Carotenoids have a range of functions in human health. They primarily exert antioxid …

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Sleep health: can we define it

Details: Sleep health can be defined in such terms. Empirical data demonstrate several dimensions of sleep that are related to health outcomes, and that can be measured with self-report and objective methods. One suggested definition of sleep health and a description of self-report items for measuring it …

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Health literacy is associated with health behaviour and

Details: Background Health literacy may constitute a modifiable determinant of health behaviour and affect cardiovascular disease prevention. This study investigates the associations between health literacy and health behaviour as well as health status. Design A cross-sectional study on a population-based sa …

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Health benefits of resveratrol administration

Details: Health benefits of resveratrol administration Acta Biochim Pol. 2019 Feb 28;66(1):13-21. doi: 10.18388/abp.2018_2749. Authors Sabina Galiniak 1 , David Aebisher 1 , Dorota Bartusik-Aebisher 1 Affiliation 1 Faculty of Medicine, Rzeszów University, Rzeszów, Poland. PMID

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Systematic review of health behavioral risks and cognitive

Details: The outcome--cognitive health--was defined as a continuum of cognitive function ranging from cognitive decline to impairment and dementia, and health behaviors included physical activity, smoking, alcohol drinking, body mass index, and diet and nutrition. Results: Of 12,105 abstracts identified, 690 relevant full-texts were reviewed. The final

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Frailty: implications for clinical practice and public health

Details: Frailty is an emerging global health burden, with major implications for clinical practice and public health. The prevalence of frailty is expected to rise alongside rapid growth in the ageing population. The course of frailty is characterised by a decline in functioning across multiple physiologica …

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Sleep Patterns and Mental Health Correlates in US

Details: Suboptimal sleep patterns were associated with an array of mental disorders and other health-related outcomes among adolescents. Abnormal sleep patterns may serve as markers of prodromal or untreated mental disorders among adolescents, and may provide opportunities for prevention and intervention in …

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Insufficient Sun Exposure Has Become a Real Public Health

Details: This article aims to alert the medical community and public health authorities to accumulating evidence on health benefits from sun exposure, which suggests that insufficient sun exposure is a significant public health problem. Studies in the past decade indicate that insufficient sun exposure may b …

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The GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) framework for health

Details: The health system and public health EtD framework can also be used to facilitate di … This framework provides a structured and transparent approach to support policy-making informed by the best available research evidence, while making the basis for decisions accessible to those whom they will affect.

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