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Health and health care disparities: the effect of social

Details: Recently the existence and prevalence of health and health care disparities has increased with accompanying research showing that minorities (African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders) are disproportionately affected resulting in poorer health outcomes compared to non-minority populations (whites).

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Health Literacy, Health Disparities, and Sources of Health

Details: Background: Low health literacy in older adults has been associated with poor health outcomes (i.e., mortality, decreased physical and cognitive functioning, and less preventive care utilization). Many factors associated with low health literacy are also associated with health disparities. Interaction with healthcare providers and sources of health information are influenced by an individual's

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Vaccine impact: Benefits for human health

Details: Unlike most drugs, whose benefit is restricted to the individual who takes the drug, prophylactic vaccines have the potential for far-reaching effects that encompass health service utilisation, general health and wellbeing, cognitive development and, ultimately, economic productivity. The impact of …

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Modifiable Risk Factors and Readiness to Change among

Details: Objectives: In this study, we examined the prevalence of modifiable health risk factors (eg, smoking, unsafe sexual practices, at-risk drinking, low fruit/vegetable consumption, inadequate physical activity, and overweight/obesity) and readiness to change among homeless adults in Oklahoma City, OK. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between self-rated health and readiness to change.

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Where college students look for vaping information and

Details: J Am Coll Health. May-Jun 2020;68(4):347-356. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2018.1549557. Epub 2019 Jan 7. Authors Page D Dobbs 1 , Ashley H Clawson 2 , Mary Gowin 1 , Marshall K Cheney 1 Affiliations 1 Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma

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Quinine-Induced Thrombotic Microangiopathy: A Report of 19

Details: Affiliations 1 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Oklahoma City, OK; Hematology-Oncology Section, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK.; 2 Nephrology Service, Department of Medicine, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD.

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Do not resuscitate (DNR): analysis of the DNR act

Details: 1 College of Public Health, Oklahoma City 73190, USA. PMID: 10423937 Abstract Due to advances in technology, physicians and patients are being faced with the issue of do not resuscitate (DNR). DNR is an order that determines whether or not cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be administered to a critically ill person.

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Health promotion and health education: advancing the

Details: Background: Health education and health promotion activities are a fundamental requirement for all health professionals. These two paradigms are closely related but are not inter-dependent. Despite this, it is known that many nurses confuse the terms and use them interchangeably.

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Improving Diagnosis in Health Care

Details: Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a pa …

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Health management information system: a tool to gauge

Details: The health management information system (HMIS) is an instrument which could be used to improve patient satisfaction with health services by tracking certain dimensions of service quality. Quality can be checked by comparing perceptions of services delivered with the expected standards. The objectiv …

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Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions

Details: The key factors affecting health in cities can be considered within three broad themes: the physical environment, the social environment, and access to health and social services. The methodologic and conceptual challenges facing the study of urban health, arising both from the limitations of the research to date and from the complexities

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Health assets: a concept analysis

Details: Health assets mobilize an individual to engage in deliberation, decision making, and change. Consequences of health assets are positive health behaviors that can lead to mastery, self-actualization, and improved health outcomes. We propose both a definition of health assets and a descriptive model of its components and relationships.

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Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits

Details: The different compartments of the gastrointestinal tract are inhabited by populations of micro-organisms. By far the most important predominant populations are in the colon where a true symbiosis with the host exists that is a key for well-being and health. For such a microbiota, 'normobiosis' chara …

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Health literacy and the social determinants of health: a

Details: Health literacy, ‘the personal characteristics and social resources needed for individuals and communities to access, understand, appraise and use information and services to make decisions about health’, is key to improving peoples’ control over modifiable social determinants of health (SDH).

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Application of health behaviour theory to sleep health

Details: Health behaviour theory (HBT) has been used for decades to successfully predict and modify many health behaviours, but its use in the study of sleep health is rare. The purpose of this review is threefold. First, four dominant HBTs will be introduced. Second, the brief literature on HBT and sleep health …

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Updating Health Literacy for Healthy People 2030: Defining

Details: Content: Healthy People 2030 (HP2030), the fifth iteration of the Healthy People initiative, provides science-based national health objectives with targets to improve the health and well-being of Americans. For the first time since its 1979 establishment, the Healthy People framework aims to attain health literacy as an Overarching Goal and Foundational Principle to achieving health and well

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Health impacts of climate change and health and social

Details: This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of the special issue were interpreted using social justic …

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The politics of public health policy

Details: Politics, for better or worse, plays a critical role in health affairs. The purpose of this article is to articulate a role for political analysis of public health issues, ranging from injury and disease prevention to health care reform. It begins by examining how health problems make it onto the po …

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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The 2019 report of The Lancet Countdown on health and

Details: 24 The Integrated Development, Health and Environment Unit, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. 25 Centre for Health and the Global Environment, University of Washington, Washington, DC, USA. 26 Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK. 27 Health and Environment International Trust, Nelson, New Zealand.

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Health literacy, health inequality and a just healthcare

Details: Limited health literacy is a pervasive and independent risk factor for poor health outcomes. Despite decades of reports exhibiting that the healthcare system is overly complex, unneeded complexity remains commonplace and endangers the lives of patients, especially those with limited health literacy.

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Tannins and human health: a review

Details: Tannins (commonly referred to as tannic acid) are water-soluble polyphenols that are present in many plant foods. They have been reported to be responsible for decreases in feed intake, growth rate, feed efficiency, net metabolizable energy, and protein digestibility in experimental animals. Therefo …

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COVID-19 and the Social Determinants of Health

Details: 1 Family Medicine Physician, Tufts University School of Medicine, Cambridge Health Alliance, Malden, MA, USA. 2 Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. PMID: 32551932 DOI: 10.1177/0890117120930536b No abstract available. Publication types Editorial

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Health literacy: what is it

Details: The concept of health literacy evolved from a history of defining, redefining, and quantifying the functional literacy needs of the adult population. Along with these changes has come the recognition that sophisticated literacy skills are increasingly needed to function in society and that low liter …

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Health Insurance Coverage and Health

Details: Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us. Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us N Engl J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):586-593. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb1706645. Epub 2017 Jun 21. Authors Benjamin D Sommers

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US Health Care Spending by Payer and Health Condition

Details: Importance: US health care spending has continued to increase and now accounts for 18% of the US economy, although little is known about how spending on each health condition varies by payer, and how these amounts have changed over time. Objective: To estimate US spending on health care according to 3 types of payers (public insurance [including Medicare, Medicaid, and other government

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The World Health Organization Health and Work Performance

Details: This report describes the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ), a self-report instrument designed to estimate the workplace costs of health problems in terms of reduced job performance, sickness absence, and work-related accidents-injuries. Calibration data are p …

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Biological basis of determinants of health

Details: Clinical medicine and health policy planning find common cause as they seek to define the determinants of health. There is substantial recent interest in the social ecology in which health is embedded. However, biology is where these contributing environmental factors are translated. I provide a new …

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Family Physician Perceptions of Climate Change, Migration

Details: 5 School of Public Health, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 6 Department of Community Health, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana. 7 Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town 7505, South Africa.

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Carotenoids in human nutrition and health

Details: Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments found in most fruits and vegetables, plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids and must ingest them in food or via supplementation. Carotenoids have a range of functions in human health. They primarily exert antioxid …

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Characteristics and Health Benefits of Phytochemicals

Details: These phytochemicals may have health benefits or adverse health effects, depending on the dosage. In the past, these effects were studied in cell and tissue cultures as well as in animal models. Meanwhile there are numerous epidemiological data that point to the extensive health potential of phytochemicals in …

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Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking technology

Details: Affiliations. 1 Research Affiliate, School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, United States. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Toxicology and Health Effects of Electromagnetism, McGill University, Canada. 3 Molecular Pharmacology, Einstein Center of Toxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, United States.

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Health Literacy in Surgery

Details: Low health literacy is common among surgical patients. Important opportunities exist to better understand the role of health literacy in determining surgical outcomes and to develop more health literacy-sensitive models of surgical care. [HLRP: Health …

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The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic

Details: Background: The health benefits of greenspaces have demanded the attention of policymakers since the 1800s. Although much evidence suggests greenspace exposure is beneficial for health, there exists no systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesise and quantify the impact of greenspace on a wide range of health outcomes.

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The Health Utilities Index (HUI): concepts, measurement

Details: This is a review of the Health Utilities Index (HUI) multi-attribute health-status classification systems, and single- and multi-attribute utility scoring systems. HUI refers to both HUI Mark 2 (HUI2) and HUI Mark 3 (HUI3) instruments. The classification systems provide compact but comprehensive fra …

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Side Effects, Physical Health Consequences, and Mortality

Details: Affiliations 1 Ibis Reproductive Health, Oakland, California. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, California.

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Adipogenesis and metabolic health

Details: Obesity is characterized by increased adipose tissue mass and has been associated with a strong predisposition towards metabolic diseases and cancer. Thus, it constitutes a public health issue of major proportion. The expansion of adipose depots can be driven either by the increase in adipocyte size …

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The mediterranean diet: a history of health

Details: The purpose of our work is to demonstrate that the combination of taste and health is a goal that can be absolutely carried out by everybody, despite those who believe that only a generous caloric intake can guarantee the goodness of a dish and the satisfaction of the consumers.

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Health inequalities among British civil servants: the

Details: Self-perceived health status and symptoms were worse in subjects in lower status jobs. There were clear employment-grade differences in health-risk behaviours including smoking, diet, and exercise, in economic circumstances, in possible effects of early-life environment as reflected by height, in social circumstances at work (eg, monotonous

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Health, United States, 2015: With Special Feature on

Details: Health, United States, 2015 is the 39th report on the health status of the nation and is submitted by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to the President and the Congress of the United States in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Service Act. This report was compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Health

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Redeployment of Health Care Workers in the COVID-19

Details: Objectives: This study aimed to determine the strategies used and critical considerations among an international sample of hospital leaders when mobilizing human resources in response to the clinical demands associated with the COVID-19 pandemic surge. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, qualitative research study designed to investigate strategies used by health system leaders from …

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Structural racism and health inequities in the USA

Details: Despite growing interest in understanding how social factors drive poor health outcomes, many academics, policy makers, scientists, elected officials, journalists, and others responsible for defining and responding to the public discourse remain reluctant to identify racism as a root cause of racial health …

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Tea Polyphenols in Promotion of Human Health

Details: Tea is the most widely used beverage worldwide. Japanese and Chinese people have been drinking tea for centuries and in Asia, it is the most consumed beverage besides water. It is a rich source of pharmacologically active molecules which have been implicated to provide diverse health benefits. The t …

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The effectiveness of health literacy interventions on the

Details: "Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgments and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life

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