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Facemasks in the COVID-19 era: A health hypothesis

Details: Many countries across the globe utilized medical and non-medical facemasks as non-pharmaceutical intervention for reducing the transmission and infectivity of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Although, scientific evidence supporting facemasks' efficacy is lacking, adverse physiological, psychological and health effects are established.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33303303/ Go Now

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Health risks and outcomes that disproportionately affect

Details: Gender differences in health risks and implications are likely to be expanded during the Covid-19 pandemic. Efforts to foster equity in health, social, and economic systems during and in the aftermath of Covid-19 may mitigate the inequitable risks posed by pandemics and other times of healthcare str …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32950924/ Go Now

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Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Quality of

Details: The terms health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and quality of life (QoL) are used interchangeably. Given that these are three key terms in the literature, their appropriate and clear use is important. This paper reviews the history and …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26892973/ Go Now

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What are health disparities and health equity

Details: "Health disparities" and "health equity" have become increasingly familiar terms in public health, but rarely are they defined explicitly. Ambiguity in the definitions of these terms could lead to misdirection of resources. This article discusses the need for greater clarity about the concepts of …

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The ethics of health communication

Details: Health communication should adhere to the principles of beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for personal autonomy, and justice. The exchange between health professionals and patients should involve informed consent regarding the purpose and nature of the intervention and possible alternatives.

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Health Benefits of Air Pollution Reduction

Details: Air pollution is a grave risk to human health that affects nearly everyone in the world and nearly every organ in the body. Fortunately, it is largely a preventable risk. Reducing pollution at its source can have a rapid and substantial impact on health. Within a …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31774324/ Go Now

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Health care-associated infections

Details: Health care-associated infections (HCAIs) are infections that occur while receiving health care, developed in a hospital or other health care facility that first appear 48 hours or more after hospital admission, or within 30 days after having received health …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30532565/ Go Now

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Racism & Health: A public health perspective on racial

Details: Racism affects health at different levels: institutional racism is a structural and legalized system that results in differential access to health services; cultural racism refers to the negative racial stereotypes, often reinforced by media, that results in poorer psychological and physiological wellbeing of the minorities.

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Improving Diagnosis in Health Care

Details: Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a pa …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26803862/ Go Now

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Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality

Details: The Institute of Medicine study Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) recommended that an interdisciplinary summit be held to further reform of health professions education in order to enhance quality and patient safety.Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality is the follow up to that summit, held in June 2002, where 150 participants across disciplines and …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25057657/ Go Now

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The impact of daily sleep duration on health: a review of

Details: A healthy amount of sleep is paramount to leading a healthy and productive lifestyle. Although chronic sleep loss is common in today's society, many people are unaware of the potential adverse health effects of habitual sleep restriction. Under strict experimental conditions, short-term restriction …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15133379/ Go Now

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Health Benefits of Exercise

Details: Overwhelming evidence exists that lifelong exercise is associated with a longer health span, delaying the onset of 40 chronic conditions/diseases. What is beginning to be learned is the molecular mechanisms by which exercise sustains and improves quality of life. The current review begins with two s …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28507196/ Go Now

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United States of America: health system review

Details: This analysis of the United States health system reviews the developments in organization and governance, health financing, health-care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The US health system has both considerable strengths and notable weaknesses. It has a large and well-traine …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24025796/ Go Now

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Indoor temperature and health: a global systematic review

Details: Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify and appraise evidence on the direct and indirect impacts of high indoor temperatures on health; the indoor temperature threshold at which the identified health impacts are observed; and to summarise the evidence for establishing a maximum indoor temperature threshold for health. Study design: This is a systematic …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31707154/ Go Now

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Identifying the health conscious consumer

Details: Individuals who lead a "wellness-oriented" lifestyle are concerned with nutrition, fitness, stress, and their environment. They accept responsibility for their health and are excellent customers for health-related products and services. Those who lack a …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10129812/ Go Now

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Health impacts of climate change and health and social

Details: This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29219089/ Go Now

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Health Literacy and Health Information Technology Adoption

Details: Interestingly, health literacy score was positively associated with trust in health care (P=.03). Conclusions: Patients with low health literacy were less likely to use HIT tools or perceive them as easy or useful, but they perceived information on HIT as private. Given the fast-paced evolution of technology, there is a pressing need to further

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Patient education and health literacy

Details: Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30017902/ Go Now

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Envisioning a Better U.S. Health Care System for All

Details: The American College of Physicians (ACP) has long advocated for universal access to high-quality health care in the United States. Yet, it is essential that the U.S. health system goes beyond ensuring coverage, efficient delivery systems, and affordability. Reductions in nonfinancial barriers to car …

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Health, absence, disability, and presenteeism cost

Details: Evidence about the total cost of health, absence, short-term disability, and productivity losses was synthesized for 10 health conditions. Cost estimates from a large medical/absence database were combined with findings from several published productivity surveys. Ranges of condition prevalence and …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15076658/ Go Now

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France: Health System Review

Details: Despite health outcomes being among the best in the European Union, social and geographical health inequities remain. Inequality in the distribution of health care professionals is a considerable barrier to equity. The rising cost of health care and the increasing demand for long-term care are also of concern.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26766545/ Go Now

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28221739/ Go Now

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Carotenoids in human nutrition and health

Details: Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments found in most fruits and vegetables, plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids and must ingest them in food or via supplementation. Carotenoids have a range of functions in human health. They primarily exert antioxid …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29885291/ Go Now

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Polycystic ovary syndrome and mental health: A review

Details: After completion of this article, the reader should be able to explain that, in addition to physiologic changes, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have various mental health problems and lowered health-related quality of life issues and state that …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17044949/ Go Now

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Health professionals' experience of teamwork education in

Details: Health organizations in western countries are committed to improving patient safety through education of staff and teamwork education programs have been integral to this focus. There are no current systematic reviews of the experience of health professionals who participate in teamwork education in acute hospital settings.

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Income inequality and health: a causal review

Details: There is a very large literature examining income inequality in relation to health. Early reviews came to different interpretations of the evidence, though a large majority of studies reported that health tended to be worse in more unequal societies. More recent studies, not …

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The effects of water shortages on health and human

Details: The global health burden associated with these conditions is staggering, with an estimated 1.6 million deaths every year from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. In this paper we review the impact of water shortages on health and human development.

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The nutritional and health attributes of kiwifruit: a

Details: Purpose: To describe the nutritional and health attributes of kiwifruit and the benefits relating to improved nutritional status, digestive, immune and metabolic health. The review includes a brief history of green and gold varieties of kiwifruit from an ornamental curiosity from China in the 19th century to a crop of international economic importance in the 21st century; comparative data …

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Health Literacy and Access to Care

Details: Despite well-documented links between low health literacy, low rates of health insurance coverage, and poor health outcomes, there has been almost no research on the relationship between low health literacy and self-reported access to care. This study analyzed a large, nationally representative samp …

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Updating the determinants of health model in the

Details: In 1991, Dahlgren and Whitehead produced a highly influential model of the determinants of health that has since been used by numerous national and international public health organizations globally. The purpose of the model is to enable interventions that improve health to be addressed at four key …

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Use of Social Media in Health Communication: Findings From

Details: The number of social media users has increased substantially in the past decade, creating an opportunity for health-care professionals and patients to leverage social media for health communication. This study examines the recent use and predictors of social media for health communication in a natio …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30995864/ Go Now

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The Gut Microbiome and Mental Health: Implications for

Details: The recent, in-depth characterization of the human microbiome spurred a paradigm shift in human health and disease. Animal models strongly suggest a role for the gut microbiome in anxiety- and trauma-related disorders. The microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) axis sits at the epicenter of this new approach to mental health.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28767318/ Go Now

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What does 'access to health care' mean

Details: Facilitating access is concerned with helping people to command appropriate health care resources in order to preserve or improve their health. Access is a complex concept and at least four aspects require evaluation. If services are available and there is an adequate supply of services, then the op …

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Human Health and Ocean Pollution

Details: Human health findings: Methylmercury and PCBs are the ocean pollutants whose human health effects are best understood. Exposures of infants in utero to these pollutants through maternal consumption of contaminated seafood can damage developing brains, reduce IQ and increase children's risks for autism, ADHD and learning disorders.

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Characteristics and Health Benefits of Phytochemicals

Details: These phytochemicals may have health benefits or adverse health effects, depending on the dosage. In the past, these effects were studied in cell and tissue cultures as well as in animal models. Meanwhile there are numerous epidemiological data that point to the extensive health potential of phytochemicals in humans.

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Size acceptance and intuitive eating improve health for

Details: The health at every size approach enabled participants to maintain long-term behavior change; the diet approach did not. Encouraging size acceptance, reduction in dieting behavior, and heightened awareness and response to body signals resulted in improved health risk indicators for obese women.

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Yogurt, cultured fermented milk, and health: a systematic

Details: Consumption of yogurt and other fermented products is associated with improved health outcomes. Although dairy consumption is included in most dietary guidelines, there have been few specific recommendations for yogurt and cultured dairy products. A qualitative systematic review was conducted to det …

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Health literacy: what is it

Details: The concept of health literacy evolved from a history of defining, redefining, and quantifying the functional literacy needs of the adult population. Along with these changes has come the recognition that sophisticated literacy skills are increasingly needed to function in …

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Web-Based Interventions to Improve Mental Health, General

Details: This is the first review assessing the impact of Web-based technologies on mental health, general caregiving outcomes, and general health for caregivers of adults with chronic conditions living in the community. Further rigorous research is needed that …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28754652/ Go Now

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Health Competency Standards in Physical Therapist Practice

Details: Although the physical therapist profession is the leading established, largely nonpharmacological health profession in the world and is committed to health promotion and noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention, these have yet to be designated as core physical therapist competencies. Based on findin …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31189180/ Go Now

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Health literacy, health inequality and a just healthcare

Details: Limited health literacy is a pervasive and independent risk factor for poor health outcomes. Despite decades of reports exhibiting that the healthcare system is overly complex, unneeded complexity remains commonplace and endangers the lives of patients, especially those with limited health literacy.

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Trace elements and bone health

Details: The importance of nutrition factors such as calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K for the integrity of the skeleton is well known. Moreover, bone health is positively influenced by certain elements (e.g., zinc, copper, fluorine, manganese, magnesium, iron and boron). Deficiency of …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23509220/ Go Now

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Self-rated health status as a health measure: the

Details: The validity of various self-reported health assessments in predicting physician contracts and all-cause mortality was investigated in a prospective study in Finland. The follow-up periods were one year for the use of physician services and ten years ten …

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Health interventions for people who are homeless

Details: Primary health-care programmes specifically tailored to homeless individuals might be more effective than standard primary health care. Standard case management, assertive community treatment, and critical time intervention are effective models of mental health-care delivery.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25390579/ Go Now

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US Health Care Spending by Payer and Health Condition

Details: Importance: US health care spending has continued to increase and now accounts for 18% of the US economy, although little is known about how spending on each health condition varies by payer, and how these amounts have changed over time. Objective: To estimate US spending on health care according to 3 types of payers (public insurance [including Medicare, Medicaid, …

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