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Determinants of Health

Details: Health literacy is a key determinant of health and is influenced by multiple, complex, interacting factors. To improve health literacy requires a collaborative approach involving government and policymakers, and front-line professionals responsible for health and education. For policymakers, an example of a system-based intervention is ensuring

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Health Economics

Details: Health economics is a relatively young subdiscipline, and the measurement of inequalities in the health domain has only relatively recently received attention from health economists. Nevertheless, and perhaps unsurprisingly, the topic has a very long history outside health economics, in particular in public health, demography, sociology, and

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Self-Rated Health

Details: Self-rated health or subjective health, frequently based on a 1-item assessment question, is likely the most common and simple approach in the behavioral health literature, seen as a predictor, outcome, mediator, moderator, or confounder. Still, its role as a predictor of key developmental and health outcomes such as well-being, depression, or

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Effects of Medicaid Health Homes among people with

Details: New York State implemented a Health Homes (HH) care management program to facilitate access to health services for Medicaid enrollees with multiple chronic conditions. This study assessed the impact of HH on health care utilization outcomes among enrollees who have substance use disorder (SUD).

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Climate Policy Impacts on Building Energy Use, Emissions

Details: Comparing health impacts of combustion of different fuel types in all sectors combined, gas and biomass have the highest share, depending on the RCM. InMAP and AP2 models estimate biomass has the highest health impacts followed by gas, while EASIUR estimates that gas has the highest health impacts followed by biomass.

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Sources of Information for Occupational Dermatology

Details: Toxicology Data The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Clearing House (NIOSH- TIC), Cincinnati, OH; telephone 513-533-8326. A free service for qualified individuals, NIOSH- TIC will assist with finding scientific literature describing toxic chemicals.

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System Changes to Implement the Joint Commission Tobacco

Details: A study evaluated the impact of a hospital-based electronic health record (EHR) intervention on adherence to the revised TOB measures. Methods. The study was conducted in two acute care hospitals in New York City. Data abstracted from the EHR were analyzed retrospectively from 4,871 smokers discharged between December 2012 and March 2015 to

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Population Health

Details: Population health management is the systematic application of population science knowledge and methods to improve the health of groups of individuals. Population health management encompasses a wide array of interventions, including implementation of guidelines, monitoring of disease or practice patterns, promotion of healthy behaviors, and

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Health Care System

Details: Health care systems are specifically designed to meet the health needs of a population and therefore are broader than one might think initially, for example including care in the community, social services, public health and prevention, private as well as publicly funded health care. In addition to the organization, a health care system

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Health Promotion Model

Details: L. Laranjo, in Participatory Health Through Social Media, 2016 6.3.9 Health Promotion Model. The Health Promotion Model aims to explain the factors underlying motivation to engage in health-promoting behaviors and it focuses on people’s interactions with their physical and interpersonal environments during attempts to improve health [14].This model emphasizes the active role that a person

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Public Health Journal ScienceDirect.com by Elsevier

Details: An official journal of the The Royal Society for Public Health and a sister journal of Public Health in Practice. Public Health is an international, multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal. It publishes original papers, reviews and short reports on all aspects of the science, philosophy, and …

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Health Management System

Details: The health assessment procedure receives and fuses the data information from the historical database, after which the engine’s long-term trends are analyzed. The fault diagnostics procedure conducts complete engine symptom detection, fault diagnostics, fault positioning and sorting. The prognostics procedure is divided into two stages

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Delivery of Health Care

Details: Eike-Henner W. Kluge, in The Electronic Health Record, 2020 eHealth. eHealth is the delivery of health care using modern electronic information and communication technologies when health care providers and patients are not directly in contact and their interaction is mediated by electronic means. Among other things, the services that are thus provided include physical and psychological

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Health and Nutrition

Details: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This survey is designed to assess the health and nutrition status of the civilian, noninstitutionalized US population. NHANES is a complex multistage probability survey

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Health Care Utilization

Details: Health-care utilization is primarily determined by the need for service (i.e., levels of illness and disability), the availability of services, and the resources available for providing and paying for service. In countries with fewer freely available services, economic status plays a larger role in determining health

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Health-Related Behavior

Details: Public-health approaches to changing health-related behaviors require the development of intervention methods which may be used on a community-wide basis. Rose (1992) describes some of the major differences between a clinical and a broader population perspective on understanding and influencing risks to health. This different style of thinking

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Health Education

Details: Health promotion is the combination of educational and environmental supports for actions and conditions of living conducive to health, thereby including health education. four other main developments are relevant: the need for planning (the PRECEDE–PROCEED model), the importance of evaluation, the use of social and behavioral science

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Health Care Organization

Details: Health organizations require money to operate, whether they are governmental, commercial, or donor operated. Economics is the study of use of money as macroeconomics (system-wide) and microeconomics (individual components). Many factors influence costs of health: limited resources, technology, changing disease patterns, population demographics

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Health Care Cost

Details: A health expenditure is a consumption of a resource with the primary objective of promoting, restoring, and maintaining health. National or total health expenditure is the monetary representation of the totality of resources being consumed within the health system for a given year.

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Health Inequality

Details: Health Inequality. Health inequalities are differences in health (or differences in important influences on health) that are systematically associated with being socially disadvantaged (e.g., being poor, a member of a disadvantaged racial/ethnic group, or female), and that put …

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Health Belief Model

Details: Health Belief Model. HBM is one of the most effective and widely used models to understand and predict early cancer detection behaviours, including screening practices, clinical and self-examinations, among various cancer types, such as breast and cervical cancer (Ersin and Bahar, 2017), colorectal cancer (Ma and Lu, 2017), lung cancer (Williams et al., 2019) and prostate cancer (Zare et al

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History of Public Health

Details: Theodore H. Tulchinsky MD, MPH, Elena A. Varavikova MD, MPH, PhD, in The New Public Health (Third Edition), 2014 Introduction. The history of public health is derived from many historical ideas, trial and error, the development of basic sciences, technology, and epidemiology. In the modern era, James Lind’s clinical trial of various dietary treatments of British sailors with scurvy in 1756

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Environmental Health

Details: Environmental health is a broad and complex subject area which, at its core, seeks to understand interactions of environmental factors with biological systems. Thus exploration of environmental health necessitates concerted multidisciplinary approaches to understanding and addressing environmentally influenced health outcomes.

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Health and Safety

Details: Health and safety considerations should be an important part of planning a drainage sampling campaign, and instruction on health and safety issues must be given to sampling teams before they commence work. Apart from the obvious duty of care a project manager has for their sampling team and the samplers have for each other, serious accidents to personnel can seriously disrupt or terminate a

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Health Care Policy

Details: Pratap Sharan, Vimal Krishnan, in International Encyclopedia of Public Health (Second Edition), 2017. Mental Health Policy. Mental health policy is a specifically written document of the government or Ministry of Health containing the goals for improving the mental health situation of the country, the priorities among those goals, and the main directions for attaining them.

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Health Expenditure

Details: Health Expenditure. Health expenditures differ worldwide and generally there is a correlation between higher spending on health-care per se and composite outcome measures of health such as life expectancy. From: Journal of Cancer Policy, 2014. Download as PDF. About this page.

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Is Health Care a Right

Details: The majority of spending on healthcare however, comes from government expenditure on health programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, Tricare, and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). 4 Medicare is a federal government funded social insurance program that provides health insurance to people aged 65 and older, younger people with

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Health Psychology

Details: Health psychology measurement is undertaken in order to understand behavioral and psychological processes in health, illness, and health care. The purpose may be research or application, especially in the fields of public health or clinical medicine. Measures are used to address three main theoretically, based questions concerning:

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Smart healthcare: making medical care more intelligent

Details: Smart healthcare is a health service system that uses technology such as wearable devices, IoT, and mobile internet to dynamically access information, connect people, materials and institutions related to healthcare, and then actively manages and responds to medical ecosystem needs in an intelligent manner. Smart healthcare can promote

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Health Belief Model

Details: The Health Belief Model (HBM) is a widely used cognitive model of health behavior that was developed in the 1950s to explain the lack of participation in Public Health Service programs, responses to experienced symptoms, and medical compliance. At the most basic level, the HBM is a value-expectancy theory: behavior is dependent on (1) the

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Hallmarks of Health

Details: Hence, in biomedical research, health is commonly defined in a negative fashion as the absence of disease (Conti, 2018). Given the overwhelming multiplicity of disease-inducing conditions and pathways, this negative definition of health as the nonexistence of any kind of pathology is impractical (Ayres, 2020). An alternative (and descriptive

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Primary Health Care

Details: Primary health care (PHC) is the first level of contact for individuals, the family, and the community with the national health system and “addresses the main health problems in the community, providing health promotion, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services accordingly.”. From: Pharmacy Practice in Developing Countries, 2016.

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