Smallpox Health

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Smallpox - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Details: Smallpox is a contagious, disfiguring and often deadly disease that has affected humans for thousands of years. Naturally occurring smallpox was wiped out worldwide by 1980 — the result of an unprecedented global immunization campaign. Samples of smallpox virus have been kept for research purposes.

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Smallpox | CDC

Details: In 1980, the World Health Assembly declared smallpox eradicated (eliminated), and no cases of naturally occurring smallpox have happened since. Smallpox research in the United States continues and focuses on the development of vaccines, drugs, and diagnostic tests to protect people against smallpox in the event that it is used as an agent of ...

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WHO | Smallpox - World Health Organization

Details: Smallpox is a devastating disease caused by the variola virus. In 1980, following an historic global campaign of surveillance and vaccination, the World Health Assembly declared smallpox eradicated – the only infectious disease to achieve this distinction. The Smallpox Eradication Programme - SEP (1966-1980)

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Smallpox - Wikipedia

Details: Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The last naturally occurring case was diagnosed in October 1977, and the World Health Organization (WHO) certified the global eradication of the disease in 1980. The risk of death following contracting the disease was about 30%, with higher rates among babies.

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Smallpox: The World's First Eradicated Disease | Live Science

Details: Smallpox is a debilitating and occasionally fatal disease that's highly contagious. Prior to 1980, the disease killed 3 out of every 10 people who became infected, according to the National ...

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WHO | Smallpox - World Health Organization

Details: The global eradication of smallpox was certified in December 1979 and endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 1980, marking one of the most successful collaborative public health initiatives in history. Following eradication, smallpox, vaccine production was halted.

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Prevention and Treatment | Smallpox | CDC

Details: Smallpox can be prevented by the smallpox vaccine, also called vaccinia virus vaccine. The vaccine is made from a virus called vaccinia , which is a poxvirus similar to smallpox, but less harmful. There are two licensed smallpox vaccines in the United States and one investigational vaccine that may be used in a smallpox emergency.

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Smallpox (ACAM2000) | Health.mil

Details: Dept of Army has issued cessation of Mandatory Anthrax and Smallpox Vaccinations for Routine Adult Immunization Medical Readiness. Activities are to follow DepSecDef 2015 Memo: Clarifying Guidance for Smallpox and Anthrax Immunization Programs and 2013 AR 40-562 Immunizations and Chemoprophylaxis for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases.

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The Threat | Smallpox | CDC

Details: The World Health Assembly declared smallpox eradicated in 1980. Even a single confirmed case of smallpox today would be considered an emergency. If the virus that causes smallpox were used in a bioterrorist attack, people who come into contact with the virus would be at risk of getting sick.

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History of Smallpox | Smallpox | CDC

Details: Global Smallpox Eradication Program. In 1959, the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a plan to rid the world of smallpox. Unfortunately, this global eradication campaign suffered from lack of funds, personnel, and commitment from countries, as well as a shortage of vaccine donations.

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Epidemiological Investigation | Smallpox | CDC

Details: If the contact develops a fever ≥101°F (38.3°C) for 2 successive readings, they should notify health department personnel and remain at home until transportation to the healthcare facility in the community designated to care for suspected smallpox cases can be arranged.

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Smallpox - Our World in Data

Details: World Health Organization (2008) Smallpox: dispelling the myths. An interview with Donald Henderson. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 86(12). 909-988. Fully available online on the WHO website. Lockley, M. (2016) The smallpox death that locked down Birmingham could have been avoided. Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 19 July 2018 from here.

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Smallpox: Types, Symptoms & Treatments

Details: Smallpox is an extremely contagious and deadly virus for which there is no known cure. The last known case occurred in the United States in 1949 and due to worldwide vaccination programs, this ...

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Smallpox - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Details: If an outbreak of smallpox were to occur today, it's likely that most doctors wouldn't realize what it was in its early stages, which would allow the disease to spread. Even one confirmed case of smallpox would be considered an international health emergency. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention can do definitive testing using a ...

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Smallpox - WebMD - Better information. Better health.

Details: Continued Smallpox Vaccine. Scientists use the cousin virus to variola -- the vaccinia virus -- to make the smallpox vaccine, because it poses fewer health risks.

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Smallpox Information and Facts | National Geographic

Details: Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by the variola virus. It gets its name from the Latin word for "spotted," referring to the raised, pustular bumps that break out over the face and ...

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Smallpox Vaccine Scar: Why It Happens - Healthline

Details: During the height of smallpox concerns, having a visible smallpox vaccine scar was a beneficial sign because health officials could assume a person was vaccinated against the virus.

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Smallpox Resource Center | Health.mil

Details: Topics in this lesson include history of the smallpox disease, policies governing the vaccine program, clinical features of smallpox disease, smallpox vaccine screening, storage and handling of smallpox vaccine, vaccine administration, and care of smallpox vaccination site. 2 hours. (CAC authentication required) August 1, 2018

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smallpox | Definition, History, Vaccine, & Facts | Britannica

Details: But smallpox was also one of the first diseases to be controlled by a vaccine, particularly following the great experiments of English physician Edward Jenner in 1796. In 1967 the World Health Organization (WHO) began a global vaccination program against smallpox, and in 1980 the disease was officially declared eradicated.

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How a smallpox epidemic nearly derailed the American

Details: George Washington confronted a smallpox epidemic with a belief in science—and a controversial plan. ... the first major piece of American public health legislation. And, of course, after winning ...

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Smallpox: MedlinePlus

Details: Smallpox is a disease caused by the Variola major virus. Some experts say that over the centuries it has killed more people than all other infectious diseases combined. Worldwide immunization stopped the spread of smallpox three decades ago.

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Smallpox (for Teens) - Nemours KidsHealth

Details: The world's last known case of smallpox was reported in Africa in 1977. In 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that smallpox was wiped out — the first (and only) time in history that an infectious disease was declared eliminated from the planet. Should We Still Worry About Smallpox?

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Smallpox vaccine - Wikipedia

Details: The smallpox vaccine was the first vaccine to be developed against a contagious disease. In 1796, the British doctor Edward Jenner demonstrated that an infection with the relatively mild cowpox virus conferred immunity against the deadly smallpox virus. Cowpox served as a natural vaccine until the modern smallpox vaccine emerged in the 19th century. From 1958 to 1977, the World Health ...

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How 5 of History’s Worst Pandemics Finally Ended

Details: It took nearly two more centuries, but in 1980 the World Health Organization announced that smallpox had been completely eradicated from the face of the Earth. READ MORE: How an African Slave in ...

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Smallpox (Jynneos) | Health.mil

Details: On September 24, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first live, non-replicating vaccine for prevention of smallpox and monkeypox disease in adults 18 years of age and older determined to be at high risk for smallpox or monkeypox infection.

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Smallpox (ACAM2000) | Health.mil

Details: Questions and Answers about Smallpox and Smallpox Vaccine. Smallpox disease had a mortality rate of approximately 30 percent, and because of a successful vaccination program it was declared globally eradicated in 1980.

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Smallpox - WHO | World Health Organization

Details: Countries, territories and areas in the WHO Western Pacific Region: American Samoa (USA) Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; Cook Islands

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Smallpox (ACAM2000) | Health.mil

Details: Naturally occurring smallpox was highly contagious, and was transmitted from an infected person to a susceptible (unvaccinated) person by close contact with respiratory secretions and/or infected skin. When smallpox disease was circulating, the only known reservoir for the virus was humans.

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Smallpox is officially declared eradicated - HISTORY

Details: Smallpox was the leading cause of death in 18th century Europe, leading to many experiments with inoculation. ... the World Health Organization undertook a worldwide effort to identify and stamp ...

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Smallpox - World Health Organization

Details: Smallpox has existed for at least 3000 years and was one of the world’s most feared diseases until it was eradicated by a collaborative global vaccination programme led by the World Health Organization. The last known natural case was in Somalia in 1977.

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Smallpox : Barnstable County Department of Health and

Details: About Smallpox. Smallpox is a serious, contagious, and sometimes fatal infectious disease. There is no specific treatment for smallpox disease, and the only prevention is vaccination. The pox part of smallpox is derived from the Latin word for “spotted” and refers to the raised bumps that appear on the face and body of an infected person.

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WHO commemorates the 40th anniversary of smallpox eradication

Details: The World Health Organization commemorated the 40th anniversary of smallpox eradication today, recognizing the historic moment on 9 December 1979 when the end of smallpox was confirmed to have been eradicated. Five months later, in May 1980, the 33rd World Health Assembly issued its official declaration that ‘the world and all its peoples have won freedom from smallpox’.

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Smallpox - BrainPOP

Details: A pox upon this virus! It caused ongoing epidemics--So who came up with the vaccination, and how did that change the world?

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History of smallpox - Wikipedia

Details: The history of smallpox extends into pre-history, with the disease probably emerging in human populations about 10,000 BC. The earliest credible evidence of smallpox is found in the Egyptian mummies of people who died some 3,000 years ago. Smallpox has had a major impact on world history, not least because indigenous populations of regions where smallpox was non-native, such as the Americas ...

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Smallpox - New York State Department of Health

Details: Smallpox is an acute, contagious and sometimes fatal disease caused by the variola virus and marked by fever and a distinctive progressive skin rash. Who gets smallpox? The last naturally occurring case of smallpox occurred in Somalia in 1977 and the World Health Organization has considered the disease eradicated since 1979.

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Smallpox - Oklahoma State Department of Health

Details: Smallpox Smallpox is a reportable disease in Oklahoma. Smallpox is an acute infectious disease caused by the variola virus. The last naturally acquired case of smallpox occurred in 1977. Smallpox was declared eradicated from the earth in 1980. However, the events of September and October 2001 have

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J. Michael Lane, a General in the Rout of Smallpox, Dies

Details: Smallpox was declared dead by the World Health Organization in 1980 after a global search found no evidence of it in nature more than two years after it had infected its last human being in nature ...

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Smallpox, Ministry of Health

Details: Smallpox is a contagious disease that is transmitted from person to person. The virus can be transmitted by breathing tiny airborne drops of saliva from the mouth of an infected person (similar to the flu), or by direct contact with a smallpox patient or his environment.

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Smallpox – Epidemiology - Virginia Department of Health

Details: What is smallpox? Smallpox is a serious, contagious, and sometimes deadly disease caused by the variola virus. Smallpox outbreaks occurred for thousands of years, but the disease was eliminated from the world after a successful vaccination campaign. ... Smallpox: Overview for Health Care Providers. Two page summary of: Organism, Reporting ...

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Smallpox | UF Health, University of Florida Health

Details: In 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that all countries stop vaccinating for smallpox. There are two forms of smallpox: Variola major is a serious illness that can be life threatening in people who have not been vaccinated.

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Smallpox - Hawaii Department of Health

Details: When there IS a smallpox outbreak, persons should get the smallpox vaccine if: They are directly exposed to the smallpox virus (e.g., had prolonged face-to-face contact with someone who has smallpox). If there is a smallpox outbreak, public health officials will work with CDC to determine who else should get the vaccine.

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How smallpox changed the face of public health - Futurity

Details: The victory over smallpox shows the beginning of more modern public health and can teach us about today’s COVID-19 pandemic, historian Michael Willrich argues.

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Dr. J. Michael Lane, who help eradicate smallpox, dies at 84

Details: Epidemiologist Dr. J. Michael Lane was in his 20s when he began a crusade to eradicate one of the oldest and deadliest diseases in human history: smallpox. In 1977, 13 years after he began ...

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Smallpox | SA Health

Details: Smallpox - including symptoms, treatment and prevention On this page. Smallpox, which was once a severe disease common around the world, was certified as globally eradicated by the World Health Assembly in 1980 after a successful worldwide immunisation campaign.The last naturally occurring case was detected in Somalia in 1977.

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500 years ago, another epidemic swept Mexico: smallpox

Details: In the case of smallpox, humanity won the battle: the disease gave rise to the first successful vaccine in 1796, and the World Health Organization declared the disease eradicated outside ...

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The Smallpox Vaccine - What You Need to Know

Details: The smallpox vaccine is the best protection you can get if you are exposed to the smallpox virus. Anyone directly exposed to smallpox, regardless of health status, would be offered the smallpox vaccine because the risks associated with smallpox disease are far greater than those posed by the vaccine.

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Smallpox :: Washington State Department of Health

Details: Routine vaccination against smallpox in the United States ended in 1972, because the risk associated with the vaccine was greater than the risk of getting the disease. However, in 2003, some members of the military, public health and healthcare workforce were vaccinated against smallpox as part of bioterrorism preparedness. How is smallpox spread?

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Smallpox - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Details: Smallpox is considered to be one agent of potential bioterrorism. The Minnesota Dept. of Health provides Minnesota-specific information on smallpox immunization information and resources.

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Department of Public Health - Acute Communicable Disease

Details: Health Department Begins Smallpox Vaccinations for Public Health Staff (January 28, 2003) Smallpox Vaccine Arrives in Los Angeles County (January 22, 2003) NEWS ADVISORY: County Health Officials Prepare Plan to Vaccinate Public Health and Medical Response Teams for Smallpox (December 02, 2002) SMALLPOX REINSTATED AS REPORTABLE DISEASE

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